Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 62  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 312-315

Factor structure and internal consistency of Oriya version of Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, Hi-Tech Medical College and Hospital, Bhubaneshwar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ajay Kumar Bakhla
Department of Psychiatry, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences, Ranchi - 834 009, Jharkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/psychiatry.IndianJPsychiatry_631_19

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Background: “Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale” (EPDS) is a widely used screening instrument for assessing peripartal depression. To utilize it for Oriya-speaking population, we translated the scale and studied its internal consistency and factor structure. Materials and Methods: Consenting Oriya-speaking pregnant women attending antenatal checkup during second or third trimester were administered the translated EPDS. Internal consistency analysis (Cronbach's alpha and item-total correlation) and exploratory factor analysis (principal component analysis) with varimax rotation were carried out to identify factor structure. Results: The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the scale was found to be 0.81, whereas principal component analysis revealed a three-factor solution that accounted for 87.61% of the total variance. The factors included “cognitive depression,” “somatic depression,” and “anxiety factor,” with a percentage of variance being 41.18%, 28.09%, and 18.33%, respectively. Conclusion: The translated Oriya EPDS is a reliable scale with adequate internal consistency and three-dimensional factor structures.



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