Year : 1997  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 304--308

Autistic Features in Children with Mental Retardation


Nilamadhab Kar1, Rakesh Khanna2, Gopal Chandra Kar3 
1 Senior Resident (Formerly), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, India
2 Associate Professor of Psychiatry (Formerly), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi, India
3 Professor of Psychiatry, SCB Medical College, Cuttack, India

Correspondence Address:
Nilamadhab Kar
Senior Resident (Formerly), Central Institute of Psychiatry, Ranchi
India

Most of the autistic disorder patients are also mentally retarded and many mentally retarded persons exhibit autistic symptoms. By using a standard instrument (Ritvo-Freeman Real Life Rating Scale) the autistic features of the mentally retarded children were studied. The study also examined the influence of age, sex and level of mental retardation on the occurrence of autistic symptoms. Children who came for consultation to child psychiatric unit were compared with those at a school for children with mental retardation receiving stimulation. Male children from child psychiatric unit had significantly higher scores than those from the school. Social and language impairment could be reliably identified and grouped. It was possible to diagnose the syndrome of autism in children with mental retardation in a significant number (9.6%)as compared to that was possible only clinically (1.9%). More number of children with severe/ profound mental retardation could be diagnosed as autistic. The autistic syndrome in children with mental retardation can be picked up more effectively by the use of structured instrument.


How to cite this article:
Kar N, Khanna R, Kar GC. Autistic Features in Children with Mental Retardation.Indian J Psychiatry 1997;39:304-308


How to cite this URL:
Kar N, Khanna R, Kar GC. Autistic Features in Children with Mental Retardation. Indian J Psychiatry [serial online] 1997 [cited 2021 Oct 26 ];39:304-308
Available from: https://www.indianjpsychiatry.org/article.asp?issn=0019-5545;year=1997;volume=39;issue=4;spage=304;epage=308;aulast=Kar;type=0