Indian Journal of PsychiatryIndian Journal of Psychiatry
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   1992| October-December  | Volume 34 | Issue 4  
    Online since February 20, 2009

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A Study on the Coping Behaviours of Wives of Alcoholics
T.S. Sathyanarayana Rao, K Kuruvilla
October-December 1992, 34(4):359-365
A study was conducted on 30 wives of alcoholics using Orford-Guthrie's 'coping with drinking' questionnaire. Tlie commonest coping behaviour reported was discord, avoidance, indulgence and fearful withdrawal while marital breakdown, taking special action, assertion and sexual withdrawal were least frequent. There was no significant correlation between the coping behaviours and the variables like duration of marriage, duration of husband's alcoholism, socio-economic and educational status. Implications of these findings are discussed and a cross cultural comparison is made.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  729 474 -
An Epidemic of "Jhin - Jhini" - A Strange Contagious Psychogenic Disorder in a Village in West Bengal
DN Nandi, Gauranga Banerjee, H Saha, Biswajit Sen, Anuj Bhattacharjee
October-December 1992, 34(4):366-369
An epidemic psychogenic disorder called "Jhin-Jhini, which broke out in a village in West Bengal, is described. Tlie social anthropological perspective is explored.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  959 127 -
Utility of CIWA - A in Alcohol Withdrawal Assessment
S Manikant, BM Tripathi, BS Chavan
October-December 1992, 34(4):347-350
Fourty four patients of DSM-HJ-R diagnosis of alcohol withdrawal syndrome were assessed on CIWA-A scale. Most common withdrawal symptoms were tremors, sweating, arvdety, agitation, headache and flushing. Mostly symptoms subsided within four days. However, in half of the patients the symptoms like tremors, tactile disturbances, anxiety and headache persisted even beyond eight days. Usefulness of CIWA-A in alcohol withdrawal assessment is discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  808 213 -
Performance on Luria - Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery in Schhizophrenic Patients
Alka Nizamie, Haque S Nizamie, TR Shukla
October-December 1992, 34(4):321-330
The Luria Nebraska Neuropsychological Battery (LNNB) was administered on a group of 40 schizophrenic patients, 30 brain damaged subjects and 30 normal controls. The data were analysed using SPSS software. Discriminant function analysis results suggested overall hit rate of 77%. On MANOVA all the clinical scales of the LNNB were found to discriminate significantly amongst the groups. The schizophrenic patients performed better than brain-damaged but had poor performance in comparison to normal controls. The findings indicated high discriminative accuracy and clinical effectiveness of the LNNB in Indian population.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  782 95 -
Psychotherapy and Childhood Sexual Abuse
Sanjeev Jain, Meena Vythilingam, Valsa Eapen, Janardhan Reddy
October-December 1992, 34(4):388-391
Childhood sexual abuse may have a significant impact on psychological well being in later life. In this report, we describe 5 women who had a variety of psychological symptoms that were related to childhood sexual trauma. These factors were explored during psychotherapy. Persistent feeling of depression, anxiety and problems in socio-sexual functioning, were prominent. Therapy varied from counselling and ventilation, to prolonged dynamically oriented therapy.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  703 136 -
The Practice of ECT in India : Issues Relating yo the Administration of ECT
AK Agarwal, Chittaranjan Andrade, Venkataswamy M Reddy
October-December 1992, 34(4):285-297
A questionnaire on ECT, tapping altitudes, opinions and usage, was mailed to all medical members of the Indian Psychiatric Society whose addresses were known; 263 (28.8%) responded. This paper, the first in a series that presents the results of the survey, provides demographic data on the respondents and covers issues relating to the administration of ECT. Specific issues discussed include the ECT personnel, location of the ECT facility, certain ECT prescription patterns, psychiatrist-patient interactions on suggestion of ECT, pre-ECT investigations, frequency of administration of ECT, use of regressive ECT and maintenance ECT, length of the ECT course across diagnoses, and use of psychotropic drugs in relation to the ECT course.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  676 145 -
Urbanization and Mental Morbidity in Certain Tribal Communities in West Bengal
DN Nandi, Gauranga Banerjee, AN Chowdhury, Tapas Banerjee, GC Boral, Biswajit Sen
October-December 1992, 34(4):334-339
Tlie same team of workers surveyed a rural and an urban sample of the same tribe (Santal) by the same method. It was found that urbanization had little effect on the total mental morbidity. But stress-dependent disorders were commoner in the urban tribe.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  645 156 -
Acute Psychosis Diagnosed As Schizophrenia In ICD 9 : A Discriminant Validity Study
N Janakiramaiah, G Gururaj, DK Subbakrishna, BN Gangadhar, Shivaji Rao, M Joseph
October-December 1992, 34(4):344-346
Consequent to the ICD-10, schizophrenic patients with illness duration of less than one month will now be diagnosed as acute and transient psychosis. On the basis of the hospital records of 891 first admission patients, the acute schizophrenic patients (n =253) were compared on demographic and clinical characteristics with the rest of the patients (n = 548) under 295 of the ICD-9 diagnosis. Logistic discriminant function analysis on 21 variables achieved 88% overall correct classification rate, 86% for short duration group and 89% for long duration group. Vie significance of the results is discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  699 74 -
Evaluation of Suicidal Risk in Depressives and Schizophrenics : A 2-Year Follow - Up Study
SC Gupta, Harjeet Singh, JK Trivedi
October-December 1992, 34(4):298-310
A very high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among the persons attempting or committing suicide has been observed by several investigators (Barraclough et al, 1974; Beck et al, 1990; Drake et al, 1985). In a study of attempted suicide Morgan et al. (1975) reported neurotic depression in 52%, personality disorder in 29% functional psychosis in 12% and alcohol addiction in 10%. Silver et al. (1971) found 80% of the attempters having depressive features. Likewise, Barracloughf1974) found 93% of the suicide being mentally ill, depression accounting for 70%.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  662 97 -
Undergraduate Training in Psychiatry an Evaluation
Anna Tharyan, Sunil Datta, K Kuruvilla
October-December 1992, 34(4):370-372
With the recognition of the inadequacy of psychiatric services in India, maximinig health care delivery has become apriority. Tliere is therefore need to concentrate upon undergraduate psychiatric training as means to increase the availabe numbers of professionals equipped to treat psychiatric disorders (Channabasavanna, 1986). Towards this end the present M.B.B.S. Psychiatric Training Programme of Unit I Department of Psychiatiy Christian Medical College was evaluated, mainly with regard to gain in theoretical and clinical skills, but also with regard to change in attitude.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  654 91 -
Pathological Laughter after Right Hemispheric Infarction
Atul Agarwal, D Nag, AK Jain
October-December 1992, 34(4):385-387
A lady who had repeated spontaneous pathological laughter after cerebral infarction is described. The role of right hemispheric damage in its causation is discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  638 49 -
Serum Acetylcholinesterase Level in the Patients of Opioid (Brown Sugar) Dependence
Nilesh Shah, Kirti Dave
October-December 1992, 34(4):373-375
The authors compared the serum acetylcholinesterase level in the patients of brown sugar dependence and the normal volunteers. Significantly lower level of serum acetylcholinesterase was found in patients of brown sugar dependence.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  609 60 -
Non Completers of Opiate Detoxification Program
AK Nigam, R Ray, B Tripathi
October-December 1992, 34(4):376-379
Seventy two opiate dependent patients were admitted in de-addiction ward for detoxification. Twenty five patients (36.2%) left or were discharged prematurely and hence called non-completers. Demographic features, drug use characteristics and severity of withdrawal were found unrelated to the attrition.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  617 49 -
Bilateral Frontal Lobe CT Scan Abnormality Following ECT in an Adolescent
D Jana, G Banerjee
October-December 1992, 34(4):392-394
A case is described of bilateral frontal lobe CT Scan abnormality associated with ECT in an adolescent. Possible causes and risk factors are discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  597 57 -
Alcohol and the Soldier
D Saldanka, DS Goel
October-December 1992, 34(4):351-358
One hundred and fifteen cases of alcohol dependence syndrome admitted during a two year period in a zonal referral hospital were studied. Vie majority of the subject were between the age of 30 to 50 years and had more than 10 year's history of alcohol abuse. 19.26% of the subjects had to be invalided out of service. 66.09% remained under various categories of observation after the treatment. At the end of two year's follow-up only 12% of them had recovered completely. Preventive measures in the light of state policies are discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  569 69 -
Neuroleptic - Induced Acute Dystonia in Schizophrenia and Mania
Ravi S Pandey, KN Sreenivas, DK Subbakrishna
October-December 1992, 34(4):331-333
Out of 17 schizophrenic and 14 manic patients diagnosed according to ICD-10, 11 and 9 patients respectively developed acute dystonia following a single intravenous injection of 40mg haloperidol. The results are not statistically significant (p>0.05) suggesting that monies and schizophrenics are equally vulnerable to develop neuroleptic - induced acute dystonia.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  566 54 -
Finger Pulse Volume in Patients with Panic Attacks
P Bharathi, Prema Sembulingam, K Sembulingam, TN Srinivasan, A Namasivayam
October-December 1992, 34(4):380-382
To study the peripheral blood flow in patients with panic attacks during "Stress" conditions, nine patients with history of panic attacks were subjected to mental stress of arithmetic calculation and room-air voluntary hyperventilation. Finger Pulse Volume (FPV) was significantly altered during the period following mental activity in untreated patients when compared to controls and patients under treatment. There was also an increase in FPV in untreated patients at rest and during recovery after mental stress when compared to the treated patients.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  578 39 -
The Psychiatry of the Assailants of ohe Tamil Nadu Chief Ministers
O Somasundaram
October-December 1992, 34(4):340-343
The mental make up of assassins or assailants of V.I.P's. especially by persons of impaired mental capacity are of not only inherently interesting from a historical perspective but also of forensic psychiatric value. The attitude towards the care of the criminally mentally ill has been shaped by these incidents.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  486 70 -
Finger - Pulse Volume During Co2 Induced Panic States
P Bharathy, Prema Sembulingam, K Sembulingam, TN Srinivasan, A Namasivayam
October-December 1992, 34(4):383-384
Changes in Fingure-Pulse Volume (FPV) during CO2 inhalation were studied in patients diagnosed as having Anxiety disorder with history of panic attacks. Waxing and Waning of the FPV was observed in all the cases after CO2 inhalation, and this pattern was significantly intensified during panic attacks during the study. The significance and the mechanism underlying the same is discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  502 29 -
Linguistic Compentence in Positive and Negative Subtypes of Schizophrenia
C Giridhar, P Kulhara, VK Varma
October-December 1992, 34(4):311-320
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  411 46 -
Cognitive Dysfunction in Alcoholics
Chitra A Andrade, Chittaranjan Andrade
October-December 1992, 34(4):399-400
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  368 49 -
Prescribers Nightmare
C Shamasundar
October-December 1992, 34(4):397-398
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  343 70 -
Fluoxetine Induced Mania in an Adolescent : Possible Implications
Saji S Damodaran, Rakesh Khanna
October-December 1992, 34(4):395-396
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  331 47 -
AK Agarwal
October-December 1992, 34(4):283-284
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  285 40 -
Book Review

October-December 1992, 34(4):1-5
Full text not available  [PDF]
  152 38 -