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   1999| January-March  | Volume 41 | Issue 1  
    Online since February 20, 2009

 
 
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PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS
Mental health in Ancient India & its Relevance to Modern Psychiatry
Shiv Gautam
January-March 1999, 41(1):5-18
PMID:21455347
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  725 385 -
ARTICLES
Catatonic Syndrome : Treatment Response to Lorazepam
Haniya Payee, R Chandrasekaran, G. V. L Raju
January-March 1999, 41(1):49-53
PMID:21455353
In a prospective open trial, 30 inpatients with catatonic signs were treated systematically with oral lorazepam (dosage ranging between 3 to 8 mg/d) for a period of 5 days and subsequently with ECT if lorazepam trial failed. Outcome was monitored quantitatively during the treatment phase with Bush-Francis catatonia rating scale. In 21 out of 30 patients (70%), catatonic signs resolved with lorazepam trial. The response to lorazepam on Day 1, predicted the final outcome. Demographic variables, severity of catatonia or length of catatonic syndrome prior to treatment did not have any predictive value. Majority of the patients who showed an unfavourable response, did well with electroconvulsive therapy. A short duration lorazepam administration proved to be a safe and effective treatment for the catatonic syndrome.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  910 138 -
Postpartum Psychosis In A Case of Sheehans Syndrome
Kedar Kale, Nikhil Nihalani, Nitin Karnik, Nilesh Shah
January-March 1999, 41(1):70-72
PMID:21455357
This case report describes a case of a 23 years old female who presented with clinical features of postpartum psychosis (Psychotic disorder not otherwise specified, DSM-IV). On investigation she was found to be suffering from Sheehan's syndrome (postpartum pituitary infarction). It was interesting to note that all the clinical features of Sheehan's syndrome and psychosis improved with hormone replacement therapy and she did not require treatment with antipsychotic medications.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  795 135 -
Recurrent Seasonal Acute Psychosis
Vivek Agarwal
January-March 1999, 41(1):79-80
PMID:21455361
Acute psychoses have been reported to occur more frequently in summer. This is a report of seasonal recurrence of acute psychosis in a patient. This case report emphasizes towards the biological etiology of acute psychoses.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  797 80 -
Stress and Adjustment in Diabetes Mellitus
Sabiha Parveen, SB Singh
January-March 1999, 41(1):66-69
PMID:21455356
Stress and adjustment in diabetics is studied in order to know the influence of maladjustment and stress in the causation of the disease. The sample of study consists of 100 diabetics patients, 100 nonpsychosomatic and 100 normal person. Results obtained are discussed in detail. It is concluded that maladjustment and stress are important contributing factors in' diabetes mellitus.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  642 130 -
Risperidone In Schizophrenia
Mohan Agashe, DM Dhawale, Gabriel Cozma, Vinod Mogre
January-March 1999, 41(1):54-59
PMID:21455354
Efficacy and safety of new antipsychotic agent-risperidone was evaluated in the confirmed schizophrenic patients of either sex, over 15 years of age. Of the 30 patients who entered the study, 27 completed the trial as per the protocol and only 3 dropped out, one was lost to follow up, the other was an uncooperative patient who pulled out of the trial due to moderate side effects while one patients withdrew the consent at his own free will. The significant improvements were seen in the broad range of symptoms of schizophrenia at various time points in the trial. The significant beneficial effect on negative symptoms was particularly obvious. The drug was well tolerated by most patients, and side effects, when reported, were mild. Even the extrapyramidal symptoms reported could be easily controlled with oral trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride. The exhaustive extrapyramidal symptom rating scale also did not show any worsening during risperidone therapy. The efficacy and safety profile of novel antipsychotic drug risperidone makes it a useful therapeutic agent in the broad range of patients with schizophrenia.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  648 123 -
Neurocognitive Impairments In Hiv Infection
Tony Edwin, N Nammalvar, S Sabhesan, R Ganesh, Hema Devarajan
January-March 1999, 41(1):30-36
PMID:21455350
Neuropsychological impairments punctuate the early neurological involvement among HIV-1 infected patients. Three groups of patients, twenty in each were selected. The first group consisted of seronegative local controls, the second being a group of asymptomatic seropositive patients and the third a group of seropositive symptomatic individuals. All these three groups were tested using standard neuropsychological tests. Results indicate that a broad spectrum of impairments occur in the seropositive patients and that the impairments of various functions occur at different phases of the illness. The importance of these findings in prediction of early neurological disturbance is highlighted and their significance in the total management and rehabilitation is discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  658 111 -
Mental Health Care : Perceptions And Expectations of Rural Population in Uttar Pradesh - A Brief Report
SC Tiwari, P Sitholey, BB Sethi
January-March 1999, 41(1):37-41
PMID:21455351
National mental health programme envisaged integration of mental health care services into primary health care facilities. A house-to-house survey in 9 villages of a block situated near Lucknow city was conducted. A large number of villagers were aware of mental symptoms and indicated drugs as first choice of treatment. However, the majority preferred Government Hospitals and Private Doctors over Mental Hospitals and psychiatrists respectively. There was trend for utilization of available medical facilities but the community was largely unsatisfied with the available treatment facilities for mentally sick. The community suggests alternatives for the delivery of mental health care services based on their expectations. The results have been discussed vis-a-vis existing mental health care services.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  670 92 -
Turners Syndrome with Mania
Sudhir Hebbar, Haniya Payee, R Chandrasekaran
January-March 1999, 41(1):73-74
PMID:21455358
This case report of Turner's syndrome with mania highlights an extremely rare combination of two disorders. The implications of X linkage in bipolar disorder is discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  686 50 -
Comparison of Questionnaires and Laboratory Tests in the Detection of Excessive Drinkers and Alcholics
N Mathrubootham, G Hariharan, AN Ramakrishnan, V Muthukrishanan
January-March 1999, 41(1):42-48
PMID:21455352
225 alcoholics in village and 149 alcoholics in a mental hospital outpatients were administered screening questionnaires for alcoholics status (MAST) dependence (SADD), and consumption data (Q.F. Index). All of them underwent GGT and MCV estimation within 48 hours of last drinking. Comparison of laboratory test with the questionnaires revealed that questionnaires were more useful in community and the laboratory test in hospital where they could also be used in diagnosing monitoring and follow-up assessment of patients.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  631 77 -
Distress in Wives of Patients with Psychosexual Dysfunction : An Exploratory Study
Parmod Kumar, Ajit Avasthi, Debasish Basu
January-March 1999, 41(1):24-29
PMID:21455349
The study was conducted with the aim of studying the wives of patients with psychosexual dysfunction with regard to the level of distress experienced and its relationship with their psychosocial dysfunction and marital adjustment. The sample comprised wives of 30 male patients with psychosexual dysfunction. Majority of the subjects was under matriculate, housewives, Hindus, and of urban background. Majority of their husbands suffered from combination of premature ejaculation and failure of genital response (60%). The subjects were found to be significantly more distressed, exhibited mild degree of psychosocial dysfunctioning. However, they had normal marital adjustment. The interrelationship between these three variables showed significantly positive correlation between distress and psychosocial dysfunction. Marital adjustment showed significant negative correlation with both the distress experienced and psychosocial dysfunctioning. These findings not only have implication for the management of these disorders, but may have prognostic value as well.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  570 126 -
Isolated Musical Obsessions
N Pfizer, Chittaranjan Andrade
January-March 1999, 41(1):77-78
PMID:21455360
Musical obsessions are rare in both clinical practice and literature. A case is presented of a musical obsession which had the additional unique characteristics of acute onset, marked severity, and occurrence as an isolated symptom.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  629 52 -
Prevention Misuse & Abuse of Psychiatry the Armed Forces
Kirpal Singh
January-March 1999, 41(1):19-23
PMID:21455348
The year 1997 is a historic year on many counts. It is on the one hand the Golden Jubilee year of our Nation, as also of the Indian Psychiatric Society. Our meeting here today is a historic event which marks an important epoch in the development in this field of specialisation - as it is the first ever meeting of Military Psychiatry section of Indian Psychiatric Society. However the world of today has moved far from the ideals which we upheld on our path which brought us to this important point. Unfortunately, moral and ethical values have deteriorated across the body politic. Apprehension of this state affecting our profession also, has prompted me to speak today on the subject of, "Prevention of Misuse of Psychiatry in the Armed Forces".
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  590 67 -
Multiple Drug Interaction Across Medical Specializations
Chittaranjan Andrade
January-March 1999, 41(1):75-76
PMID:21455359
An epileptic patient on high dose carbamazepine monotherapy received erythromycin from a physician and ketoconazole from a dermatologist. Carbamazepine neurotoxicity developed as a result of a pharmacokinetic interaction between the three drugs. Precautions are suggested to minimize the risk of such drug interactions that span medical specializations.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  583 45 -
Lunar Phase and Psychiatric Illness in Goa
R Parmeshwaran, V Patel, JM Fernandes
January-March 1999, 41(1):60-65
PMID:21455355
There has been considerable research on the influence of the lunar cycle on mental illness with conflicting findings. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between full moon (FM), new moon (NM), and other moon (OM) days and the frequency of specific psychiatric disorders in patients seen at a tertiary psychiatric hospital in Goa and to examine relationships with eclipses. Analysis of all new patients in two calendar years (1997 & 1993) was carried out. Diagnoses of interest were : Non affective psychoses; depression; and mania. The numbers of new patients seen at the OPD of the Institute of Psychiatry & Human Behaviour, Goa, with these diagnoses were compared between FM, NM and OM days. Numbers of patients with these diagnoses on eclipse days (lunar/solar) were also examined. A significant trend was observed for greater numbers of patients with non-affective psychoses on FM days, but no pattern was observed for mania or depression. The excess of non-affective psychoses was more marked on days of a visible lunar eclipse. A relationship between FM and non-affective psychoses has been demonstrated. Its implications for further research and the potential mechanism to explain these findings are discussed.
[ABSTRACT]   Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  512 91 -
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Risperidone Augmentation of Clozapine
Vivek Agarwal
January-March 1999, 41(1):86-86
PMID:21455366
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  429 38 -
EDITORIAL
Good Clinical Practice
JK Trivedi
January-March 1999, 41(1):1-4
PMID:21455346
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  358 74 -
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Risperidone Induced Dystonic Reaction and Akathisia
P.N. Suresh Kumar
January-March 1999, 41(1):81-82
PMID:21455362
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  348 51 -
BOOK REVIEWS
Motherhood and Mental Health
Pradeep Agarwal
January-March 1999, 41(1):87-87
Full text not available  [PDF]
  350 46 -
Social Psychiatry : A Global Perspective
G Banndyopadhyay
January-March 1999, 41(1):88-88
Full text not available  [PDF]
  334 50 -
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
Prevalence of Mental and Behavioural Disorders in India : A Meta-Analysis
Meghachandra M Singh, SC Pradhan
January-March 1999, 41(1):82-84
PMID:21455364
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  270 29 -
M. Venkataswamy Reddy's & C.R.Chandrashekar's reply
M Venkataswamy, CR Chandrashekar
January-March 1999, 41(1):84-86
PMID:21455365
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  238 25 -
Exfoliative Dermatitis Due to Carbamazepine
Jayesh Kanabar
January-March 1999, 41(1):82-82
PMID:21455363
Full text not available  [PDF]  [PubMed]
  227 20 -
Corrigendum

January-March 1999, 41(1):86-86
Full text not available  [PDF]
  0 0 -